Museums and the Public Sphere investigates the role of museums around the world as sites of democratic public space. Explores the role of museums around the world as sites of public discourse and democracy Examines the changing idea of the museum in relation to other public sites and spaces, including community cultural centers, public halls and the internet Offers a sophisticated portrait of the public, and how it is realized, invoked, and understood in the museum context Offers relevant case studies and discussions of how museums can engage with their publics' in more complex, productive ways
Since the 1950s, the number of history museums within the United States has increased dramatically. Although many of these museums have been developed by government-sponsored entities, a considerable number have been initiated by private corporations. Public and corporate museums share the common goal of attempting to tell the story of a place, a person, an event, or an entity through the display of historical objects, accompanied by visuals and texts. Likewise, public and corporate museums utilize many of the same processes, resources, and techniques in planning, researching, presenting and protecting their collections. Nevertheless, even a casual visitor to a corporate museum may detect a different look and feel than what be encountered from a visit to a typical public history museum. Besides these obvious contrasts, there also may be other less obvious differences in how the two types of institutions function.
The public sphere is one of the most enduring sociological concepts and recently there has been interest in the potential of blog journalism to serve as an online public sphere. This thematic and discourse analysis focuses on 15 blog posts from the Indian blogosphere around the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks. The posts were critically analysed along three characteristics considered crucial for a public sphere to exist: rational-critical, deliberative and inclusive. The conclusion this study established was, that despite shortcomings, blogging around the Mumbai terrorist attacks could be placed within the scope of the public sphere and this holds great potential for virtual discourse in a socially stratified country.
The Age of Visions and Arguments – Parliamentarianism and the National Public Sphere in Early Meiji Japan
Drawing on many examples from contemporary media culture, Alan McKee looks at how we communicate with each other in public--and how we decide whether changing forms of communication are beneficial for the "public sphere". McKee's introduction to the concept of the public sphere, or free debate space, includes background history as well as philosophical arguments concerning its function.
Significant shifts have occurred in the management of Australian state museums since the 1980s. This is due to the confluence of new public sector management trends within the organisations and the impact of new museology. Museums in Australia in the 21st century are at a cross-roads, subject to a number of external and internal pressures that are impacting upon their provision and type of services, changing purpose, new social and economic roles and management style and focus. This book investigates and analyses shifts in the management of Australian state museums since the 1980s. How have museums, as public sector organisations, adapted and changed their management practices since the 1980s? How and why are museums responding to these challenges through the introduction of new strategies and a redefinition of their roles and purposes? This analysis highlights some of the key factors in the changing management practices of Australian museums. It is an important and thought provoking text for museum managers and professionals in the museums and public sector management fields.
This book argues that women''s active participation in the public sphere in Zimbabwe is still low. The public sphere is still widely viewed as the prerogative of men. At different times in history women have struggled to take an active part of the public sphere with certain degrees of successes. With the developments of the international women''s movement and current feminist discourses Zimbabwean women have gradually contested for more rights and opportunities in the predominantly male dominated domains like politics, higher education and the media. This was made possible by the Government of Zimbabwe''s adoption of gender policies aimed at reducing gender disparities and enhancing female participation and involvement in politics, economy and society at large. The book also questions if women have made headway in their participation in the public sphere or they are just mirages considering the challenges they face and their low numbers in every sector of the public sphere. The book concludes with some possible intervention strategies which could improve women''s participation in the public sphere.
This book describes albeit its limitations, how the emergence of a modern public sphere in Kenya has been made possible through the interaction of the mobile phone, (new media tool) and television, (mass media channel of communication) to make the public engage with political and non-political advocates. This political public sphere builds on Habermas’ bourgeois public sphere concept. Through a qualitative research approach, the study portrays how the public uses this interactive segment as a meaning structure to decode meaning based of the citizens' historic social-economic experiences. The study however, points out that in some instances the mediating role of Citizen TV influences the way the public decodes meaning of the actions of the political and non-political actors. It also shows how the hegemonic powers of tribal leaders and tribal alliances had a role to play in the final outcome of the Referendum vote of August 4th 2010, which saw Kenya adopt the Proposed New Constitution. The study illustrates that with improvements, a modern public sphere can exist within a commercial media house in Kenya so that citizens can engage in participatory governance and democracy.
The concept of the public sphere, as first outlined by German philosopher Jurgen Habermas, refers to the right of all citizens to engage in debate on public issues on equal terms. In this book, Christopher B. Balme explores theatre's role in this crucial political and social function. He traces its origins and argues that the theatrical public sphere invariably focuses attention on theatre as an institution between the shifting borders of the private and public, reasoned debate and agonistic intervention. Chapters explore this concept in a variety of contexts, including the debates that led to the closure of British theatres in 1642, theatre's use of media, controversies surrounding race, religion and blasphemy, and theatre's place in a new age of globalised aesthetics. Balme concludes by addressing the relationship of theatre today with the public sphere and whether theatre's transformation into an art form has made it increasingly irrelevant for contemporary society.
Taking the observation that the widespread return of religion in 'secular' modernity gives evidence to its growing role in society and politics, this study examines ways in which Islamic values are created, reformulated and fed into new perceptions. Aided by the proliferation of mass media in the modern world, and situated outside the control of state authorities, the new satellite television, contributes in creating a 'new Muslim public sphere' that is expanding in numbers as well as diversity of opinions. Many studies have been engaged in examining this 'new Muslim public sphere' in Egypt, and its connotations, however, the gender dimension was given minor recognition. Accordingly I aim at, particularly, providing a gendered perspective in relation to relevant theories of the public sphere as well as their feminist critiques. I focus on young Egyptian women audience in relation to this 'new Egyptian Muslim public sphere' through their use of media in their everyday life, and how does the accessibility to these new forms of media facilitate the formation of counter-public spheres in which those women voice their concerns and articulate their experiences.